subsidies

Under the GATS subsidies in services of general commercial interest[missing page] must be limited to the most minimally trade restrictive practicable, and limited in time and scope.

That is unless the services involved are "supplied as an exercise of governmental authority" a very narrow definition which very rarely applies.

Because it does away with democracy, GATS[missing page] basically requires that the system be rigged.

Additionally, being in GATS - either by means of a committment or accidentally, as happened in US-Gambling, means partial subsidies may expose jobs in that service sector to globalization, a trap which could expose millions of jobs to severe - unaddressable downward pressure on wages. (If the service sector receives government subsidies or is partially paid for with tax money. )  See services of general commercial interest[missing page]

(Outsourcing could occur via  (search terms) "temporary movement of natural persons" "movement of natural persons" "labour mobility" "Patient mobility" "medical tourism" )

See also, "Most favored nation" "MFN exemptions" "market access"

For example, in healthcare artial subsidized services i.e. "public options" are arguably doomed from the beginning in countries that have made significant commitments in those areas like the United States.. 

Jobs and even patients have become bargaining chips in an international trading game. 

Partially subsidized services are clearly endangered under WTO law unless they qualify (like healthcare in Canada does, but not the UK) under the GATS governmental authority exclusion.

See image below. Article is referring to the UK but it also applies to many other countries including the the US if it makes the mistake of trying to expand Medicare without leaving GATS first

It also applies to many other countries but not very many of them made the commitments we made IN FINANCIAL SERVICES so the danger is particularly great for the US.

Price-Pollock-Shaoul-TheLancet1999-354-1889-1892-ShapingDomesticPolicies-CROP.png


See  this  Note from the WTO Secretariat.

Discussion of subsidies from the perspective of developing countries an Indian think tank.

See the keyword "subsidies" on the left.

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