negative list

Negative list means all service sectors and modes of supply ARE INCLUDED BY DEFAULT.


The trilemma of hyper-globalization.

WTO GATS Glossary

This Public Citizen PDF includes a great deal of useful information on GATS, for example, how schedules are written.

governmental authority exclusion

These are articles on the all important exclusion that defines what member government activities can be called "public services" and be excluded from the onerous GATS rules.

Trojan Horse Clauses

Two authoritative presentations to Australia's government by Australian trade expert and legal scholar Matthew Rimmer. They explain a lot of the concepts in trade agreements. The name of these two papers is very appropriate - it describes what they do well.


These are external links mostly, pertaining to the plurilateral Trade in Services Agreement


"GATS" is the WTO General Agreement on Trade in Services.


Criticism of, and content on the "Trade related aspects of intellectual property rights" 'agreement'

services of general interest/services of general economic interest

These new EU-official terms are intended to replace the GATS-ambiguous terms used by Americans and Britons (in the EU) and clearly explain the definition of what services are supposed to be commercial (including most of what used to be called public services) and what are the government itself and its functional elements.

in competition with one or more service suppliers

What does "in competition with one or more service suppliers" mean in GATS and other FTAS that borrow the GATS definition? (of "services supplied in the exercise of governmental authority" i.e. public services )