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Politics on the Boundaries: Restructuring And The Canadian Women's Movement

Janine Brodie The John P. Robarts Professor of Canadian Studies EIGHTH ANNUAL ROBARTS LECTURE 1 March 1994 York University, Toronto, Ontario Professor Janine Brodie has taught in the Department of Political Science at York University since 1982. A creative and engaged scholar, she has made original contributions in a wide range of areas in the study of Canadian politics and society Professor Brodie's publications include Women and Politics in Canada, The Political Economy of Canadian Regionalism, Crisis, Challenge and Change: Party and Class in Canada Revisited (second edition co-author) and The Politics of Abortion (co-author). She has also published numerous book chapters and journal articles and has acted as a consultant for community and government organizations such as the Royal Commission on Electoral Reform and Party Financing. As Robarts Chair, Professor Brodie researched women and restructuring in Canada. This project was published in 1995 under the title of Politics at the Margins: Restructuring and the Canadian Women's Movement (Fernwood Press). In addition, she led a York University faculty series, which now appears as an edited volume under the title of Women and Canadian Public Policy (Harcourt, Brace and Company).

Trade Liberalization & Women’s Reproductive Health

Women often are charged with the responsibility of caring for their families’ health, education and nutrition, and they often supplement, or earn the entirety of, the family’s income, and provide household labor to maintain upkeep of their homes. The liberalization of international trade increasingly affects women’s health by creating new opportunities to improve reproductive health as well as new obstacles to advance reproductive/sexual health and rights objectives in policies, programs and services. New employment opportunities may open up for women, for example, which may enable them to achieve higher income levels and greater access to health services and technology. However, trade liberalization also may lead to higher costs of health services and supplies, lower quality of services, shortages of critical medical personnel because of increased migration or a concentration of health services that may restrict access for lower-income or remote populations

The Limited Case for Permitting SME Procurement Preferences in the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement

"Any agreement to liberalize procurement markets should deal with the reality that some states have longstanding policies supporting firms owned and controlled by historically disadvantaged individuals, rooted in the constitutional orders of those states. Substantial noneconomic rationales, grounded in notions of social justice and human rights, support these programmes, but the domain of these rationales as they are currently understood is limited to domestic societies. This limitation affects all negotiations to liberalize trade across national borders, in that states (or their leaders) do not hold the view that they have obligations to support the programmes of other states in the area of social justice. I argue that all WTO members should have an equal opportunity to implement noneconomic policies having to do with promoting justice within their borders for their citizens. "

GATS and Women

"GATS is likely to have a disproportionately negative impact on women"