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transnational capitalist class

Trade deals effectuate an increase in the huge amounts of inequality in the world, and its partially done by means of what amounts to a cheap lawyers trick.

The Spider's Web: Britain's Second Empire (Documentary)

This is a documentary about the "City of London" and its powerful lobby. (which was pivotal and complicit in the creation of the undemocratic GATS+ is pushing a new trade in services agreement. TISA to help cover up the illegitimacy of the original GATS, which is controversial and lacks the consensus one would expect and hope for in something that claims to be international law. It most certainly does not have that. Quite the opposite. See also Nicholas Shaxson's book, "Treasure Islands" and the video interview linked here with him, You will see the connections. ) Our former colonial masters, the UK and its elite class is very deeply enmeshed in this huge theft of policy space. Shaxson has also recently published "Poisoned wells : the dirty politics of African oil" a new book, which I have yet to read. However, its a subject I am interested in particularly because the "legitimacy" of much of the land grabbing in Africa is called into question by the illegitimacy of the initial process of creating fake NGOs and fake "civil society organizations" (which was done by Europeans, eagar to loot the developing world, not them) including perhaps the big ones like the WTO, world banks, and other essential pieces of a fake legitimacy machine. to create a pretext for a global looting. Of course the people of these countries, like here in the US are not in the loop, nor are their oligarchs really empowered by any kind of consent to trade their natural wealth away by the people's wishes, just as the funds looted should be but are not theirs. Their people live in grinding poverty. And are pawns in these crook's game.

WTO/GATS and the Global Politics of Higher Education

By Antoni Verger - This is one of the best full sized books I have read on the GATS and its implications for education. If you are an educator or are concerned about the global push for privatization of education under the GATS and the various debates informing it, this book is really quite informative.. See also

Four modes of WTO

slideshow explaining the four modes - a key concept to understanding how services trade is scheduled.


This is the declaration -made on September 20, 1986 - in Punta Del Este, part of the Uruguay Round, where services were officially inserted into the GATT talks that were to become the WTO. So its when the US began to lose its regulatory autonomy. Despite its brevity, in retrospect, this became in every sense a deal between the world's oligarchs to put aside democracy and lock down the future. Note that this meeting and document were also referenced in UN document A/RES/44/232 "Trends in the transfer of resources to and from the developing countries and their impact on the economic growth and sustained development of those countries"

GATS and Congress

These are the services that are regulated by GATS. "Health insurance" and many more. "These are the hot button issues of our time".

How the World Trade Organisation is shaping domestic policies in health care

(The Lancet) "The previous round of WTO ministerial talks (the Uruguayan round) allowed governments to protect health and social services from GATS treatment by defining them as government services. According to GATS Article 1.3, a government service is one “which is supplied neither on a commercial basis, nor in competition with one or more service suppliers”. Article 19 of GATS is, however, intended to end this protection. “Members shall enter into successive rounds of negotiations . . . with a view to achieving a progressively higher level of liberalisation.” The WTO secretariat has argued that for services to be classified under Article 1.3 they should be provided free. Many governments initially protected health services from GATS treatment by defining them in this way. But the WTO has highlighted the inconsistencies in this approach. 12 “The hospital sector in many counties . . . is made up of government-owned and privately-owned entities which both operate on a commercial basis, charging the patient or his insurance for the treatment provided. Supplementary subsidies may be granted for social, regional, and similar policy purposes. It seems unrealistic in such cases to argue for continued application of Article I:3, and/or maintain that no competitive relationship exists between the two groups of suppliers of services.” In addition, Article 13 of GATS calls for the end of subsidies that distort trade and requires members to negotiate procedures to combat them. Therefore, according to the WTO, wherever there is a mixture of public and private funding, such as user charge or private insurance, or there are subsidies for non-public infrastructure, such as public-private partnerships or competitive contracting for services, the service sector should be open to foreign corporations. Health-care systems across Europe are vulnerable on all these counts."